TechKnow - Knowvention News
Proposal for Cardiovascular Registries
The FDA filed a Notice of Public Meeting and Request for Comments regarding what it is calling the "International Consortium of Cardiovascular Registries." The purpose is to discuss the development of the registry and to garner feedback from interested parties on the following topics:
The FDA indicates that the effort will be modeled on the International Consortium of Orthopedic Registries (ICOR) and will begin with transcatheter valve therapy devices and procedures.
The The meeting will be held on April 22, 2013, from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. at FDA's White Oak Campus, 10903 New Hampshire Ave., Bldg. 31 Conference Center, the Great Room (Rm. 1503), Silver Spring, MD 20993-0002.
Of Trolls and Treasures
The House Judiciary committee held hearings last week (3/13/2013) regarding comments on the new "Shield Act". The Shield Act is designed to address so called "Patent Trolls" and protect, or as the bill states "Saving High-Tech Innovators" from the ugly ole' trolls. In a recent article we presented a perspective on the issue HERE and further commentary on the details of the basis upon which the new "Shield Act" has been written, in short, it is based upon biased and "secret data" as provided in a recent article by Adam Mossof at Truth on The Market HERE. Mossof indicates that the $29 Billion price tag given for "Egregious Legal Disputes" was from a "secret survey" done by RPX, a company that makes its money by defending companies against "Patent Trolls." Not exactly scientific and along with that neither the data nor the study has been published.
At the base of all of this is the definition of a Patent as "Property". If an inventor, large or small, has an issued patent then by law it is "Intellectual Property" and the owner has rights and the ability under the law to enforce those rights. Some will point to "bad patents" in connection with "Patent Trolls" however one has nothing to do with the other. If a patent is "bad" or invalid that should be addressed through the normal course of the patent prosecution at the USPTO and there are already measures in place for those issues. However, one cannot simply say that because an inventor is deemed a "Non-Practicing-Entity" (NPE), i.e. a "Patent Troll", that they are unworthy of ownership rights by rhetoric alone. This is a slippery slope that if allowed to continue may render patents worthless and truly stifle innovation. We pointed this out in another article HERE showing just how strange some logic can get when Google simply states that Apple should simply give its property away because they are just too successful! Isn't that the point, to innovate and be successful?
SHIELD ACT vs PATENT TROLLS
Judiciary Subcommittee is holding hearings on Abusive Patent Litigation regarding the SHIELD Act, H.R. 845, today with the following list of
witnesses included: Cisco Systems, Inc.; J.C. Penney Company Inc.; SAS Institute, Inc.; Johnson & Johnson; Adobe Systems, Inc.
As the old saying goes: "Everyone hates a Know-it-All"
Has anyone ever really met a true "Know-it-All"? If such a person existed they might be someone good to know! The real thing that people don't like is someone who "Thinks-they-know-it-all" but, that would be too long of a moniker and it would be weird to say "don't be a think you know it all" (see item 1 below). It should be a positive thing to seek to know more, about more things, and share that knowledge. One could do well to heed this statement: "He who knows and knows he knows, follow him" from the Four Levels of Knowledge.
The Four Levels of Knowledge:
So, in the sprit of Knowledge, Innovation, and someone who "Knew He Knew", here is an "illuminating" presentation by Magician Marco Tempest on one of the greatest, most innovative minds...ever!, Nikola Tesla. We might even call Tesla a real "Know It All"? Remember, finding a "Know-it-All" can be a good thing! Who are you following?
The U.S. House of Representatives has introduced H.R. 845 (Ref HR 6245 of 112th Congress) known as the "Saving High-Tech Innovators from Egregious Legal Disputes Act of 2013" designed to address the "Patent Troll" issue relating to frivolous law patent infringement law suits. The amendment to chapter 29 of title 35, United States Code, is designed to provide for the recovery of patent litigation costs, and for other purposes. The text of the of the bill is provided below and a PDF of the bill can be downloaded HERE.
[Congressional Bills 113th Congress] [From the U.S. Government Printing Office] [H.R. 845 Introduced in House (IH)] 113th CONGRESS 1st Session H. R. 845 To amend chapter 29 of title 35, United States Code, to provide for the recovery of patent litigation costs, and for other purposes. _______________________________________________________________________ IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES February 27, 2013 Mr. DeFazio (for himself and Mr. Chaffetz) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on the Judiciary _______________________________________________________________________ A BILL To amend chapter 29 of title 35, United States Code, to provide for the recovery of patent litigation costs, and for other purposes. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE. This Act may be cited as the ``Saving High-Tech Innovators from Egregious Legal Disputes Act of 2013''. SEC. 2. RECOVERY OF LITIGATION COSTS. (a) Amendment.--Chapter 29 of title 35, United States Code, is amended by inserting after section 285 the following new section: ``Sec. 285A. Recovery of litigation costs ``(a) In General.--In an action involving the validity or infringement of a patent-- ``(1) a party asserting invalidity or noninfringement may move for judgment that the adverse party does not meet at least one of the conditions described in subsection (d); ``(2) not later than 90 days after a party has moved for the judgment described in paragraph (1), the adverse party shall be provided an opportunity to prove such party meets at least one of the conditions described in subsection (d); ``(3) as soon as practicable after the adverse party has been provided an opportunity to respond under paragraph (2), but not later than 120 days after a party has moved for the judgment described in paragraph (1), the court shall make a determination whether the adverse party meets at least one of the conditions described in subsection (d); and ``(4) notwithstanding section 285, the Court shall award the recovery of full costs to any prevailing party asserting invalidity or noninfringement, including reasonable attorney's fees, other than the United States, upon the entry of a final judgment if the court determines that the adverse party did not meet at least one of the conditions described in subsection (d), unless the court finds that exceptional circumstances make an award unjust. ``(b) Bond Required.--Any party that fails to meet a condition under subsection (a)(3) shall be required to post a bond in an amount determined by the court to cover the recovery of full costs described in subsection (a)(4). ``(c) Timing and Effect of Pending Motion.--With respect to any motion made pursuant to subsection (a)(1) the following applies: ``(1) In the case of a motion that is filed before the moving party's initial disclosure are due-- ``(A) the court shall limit any discovery to discovery that is necessary for the disposition of the motion; and ``(B) the court may delay issuing any scheduling order until after ruling on the motion. ``(2) In the case of a motion that is filed after the moving party's initial disclosures are due the court may delay ruling on the motion until after the entry of final judgment. ``(3) In the case of a motion that is filed after the entry of final judgment, any such motion must be combined with a motion for fees to the prevailing party. ``(d) Condition Defined.--For purposes of this section, a `condition' means, with respect to the party alleging infringement, any of the following: ``(1) Original inventor.--Such party is the inventor, a joint inventor, or in the case of a patent filed by and awarded to an assignee of the original inventor or joint inventor, the original assignee of the patent. ``(2) Exploitation of the patent.--Such party can provide documentation to the court of substantial investment made by such party in the exploitation of the patent through production or sale of an item covered by the patent. ``(3) University or technology transfer organization.--Such party is-- ``(A) an institution of higher education (as that term is defined in section 101 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001); or ``(B) a technology transfer organization whose primary purpose is to facilitate the commercialization of technology developed by one or more institutions of higher education.''. (b) Technical and Conforming Amendment.--The table of sections for chapter 29 of title 35, United States Code, is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 285 the following new item: ``285A. Recovery of litigation costs for patent.''. (c) Effective Date.--The amendment made by subsection (a) shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act and shall apply to any action involving the validity or infringement of a patent for which a complaint is filed on or after the date of the enactment of this Act.
Google and Adidas have partnered for the development of Shoes that Talk. Google turned them into an actual "walking-and-talking shoe." I can see talking but, do they really walk for you? How lazy are we getting?
Percifield says, "We developed a shoe that could talk and tell you things--that could pick up enough information about your exercise, whether you're walking, running, moving fast or slow." If you aren't aware that your walking, running, moving "fast or slow", until your shoe points it out, then I think you may want to go lie down.
The team put a speaker on the tongue of the shoe to "give feedback and motivation as you move throughout your day." Really? We need motivating "wisdom" from a pair of sneakers? And, it will point out your activity, or lack thereof, to your social network! "It has your own social network feed so all of your friends can see how well you treat your shoes--and what your shoe says about you." Great! Now your shoes can call you out via Twitter or Facebook. Why not add a webcam so live video feeds of, well your "feeds", can be shared as well? "Oh, look at him now, pigging out on cheese doodles and red bull!" Percifield says "We're doing real-time, right-in-your-face feedback." Ain't technology wonderful?
And what does the future hold for the Shoogle? Well, how about replacing your personality through "an inanimate object (having) a personality of its own?" Personally, I think I'll hold out for the boxer shorts. Maybe they could tell you something useful. They will give hope to millions of women seeking a direct answer to the age old question..."does this outfit make me look fat?"
Link to Article: Here
FDA Seeks Increased Efficiency of Review Process
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has issued Draft Guidance for Industry and Food and Drug Administration Staff regarding the types of Communication During the Review of Medical Device Submissions. The FDA is seeking feedback on the proposed guidance rules. This guidance updates the Agency's approach to Interactive Review. It now reflects the FDA's implementation of the Medical Device User Fee Act of 2007 (MDUFA II) Commitment Letters and of undertakings agreed in connection with the Medical Device User Fee Amendments of 2012 (MDUFA III). It also incorporates additional types of communication, all of which are designed to increase the efficiency of the review process. (Download PDF)
The concept of the Interactive Review was discussed in detail as part of the Medical Device User Fee Act (MDUFA) II of 2007. The process was further described in the guidance “Interactive Review for Medical Device Submissions: 510(k)s, Original PMAs, PMA Supplements, Original BLAs, and BLA Supplements.” (Download PDF)
Additional funds obtained from user fees will enable the FDA, with the cooperation of industry, to improve the device review process. The FDA seeks to implement improvements for the medical device review process that will provide further transparency into the review process. Improvements include new communication commitments. These additional communications are in the context of: acceptance review; substantive interactions; and, if applicable, missed MDUFA goals.
This guidance describes four types of communication during the review of a medical device submission:
Through the Interactive Review process the FDA seeks to facilitate efficient and timely review of premarket submissions. Increased informal interaction between FDA and applicants will include the exchange of scientific and regulatory information.
The Interactive Review process is designed to help accomplish the following:
Types of Deficiencies Appropriate for Interactive Review
More significant than “minor,” but that can likely be addressed by the applicant in a time frame that would allow FDA review of the response prior to the MDUFA performance goal for that submission type without placing the submission on hold.
Examples include, but are not limited to:
Timing of Interactive Review
Interactive Review After Substantive Interaction for 510(k)s, Original PMAs, Panel-Track PMA Supplements, and 180-Day PMA Supplements
Any new deficiencies (i.e., deficiencies not raised as part of the Substantive Interaction) should be limited to issues raised by the information provided by the applicant in its response, unless the reviewer concludes (and received supervisory concurrence) that the initial deficiencies identified do not adequately address important issues materially relevant to a decision of substantial equivalence (510(k)) or safety and effectiveness (PMA).19 For example, following the communication of deficiencies in a 510(k) AI letter, FDA might become aware of a heightened potential for device failure through a series of recalls on other devices with a similar feature. If these recalls indicate that the particular bench test performed by the applicant to evaluate this feature is not predictive of clinical performance, an FDA reviewer, with appropriate supervisory concurrence, might request additional testing to address the safety of this feature to determine substantial equivalence. As the end of the review cycle approaches, FDA intends to send a communication that lists the remaining issues, limiting the applicant’s response timeframe to a maximum of 7 calendar days and allowing time for FDA to review the response, so that a timely MDUFA decision can be made.
In limited circumstances, a second AI letter for a 510(k) may be appropriate. One example of such a circumstance would be when a first AI letter indicates that FDA believes no predicate device exists, but the submitter is able to identify a predicate. A subsequent review of the comparison of the subject device to the newly identified predicate could raise questions appropriate for a second AI request. Other instances in which a second AI request could be issued should be limited and occur only with concurrence of Division-level management.
Additional Interactive Review
The FDA also encourages the use of Interactive Review at other points in the review process to facilitate the efficient and timely review of a submission. At FDA’s discretion, Interactive Review can be used:
FDA should determine an acceptable timeframe for the applicant to provide a response to the deficiencies based on MDUFA, Office, or Center timelines. The established timeframe should be based on the impending review deadline, the estimated time that the applicant should need to respond, and the estimated time that FDA should need to review the response.
When final, this document will supersede "Interactive Review for Medical Device Submissions: 510(k)s, Original PMAs, PMA Supplements, Original BLAs, and BLA Supplements" dated February 28, 2008. If interested in providing comments regarding this draft they can be submitted HERE
The Food and Drug Administration, HHS request for comments on effects of extreme weather on medical device safety and quality.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is studying the potential effects of extreme weather and natural disasters on medical device safety and quality. FDA is announcing at this time its request for comments on the topic of extreme weather effects on medical device safety and quality. Submit either electronic or written comments by May 10, 2013. Submit electronic comments to http:// www.regulations.gov. Submit written comments to the Division of Dockets Management (HFA–305), Food and Drug Administration, 5630 Fishers Lane, rm. 1061, Rockville, MD 20852. Identify comments with the docket number found in brackets in the heading of this document.
FDA is seeking information particularly on the following questions; however, you may respond to any, all, or none of these questions, or you may submit comments on any topic relating to the purposes of this document, regardless of whether a topic is addressed by these questions:
The U.S. Department of Commerce’s United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) today published final rules of practice implementing the first-inventor-to-file provision of the Leahy-Smith America Invents Act (AIA). The provision, one of the hallmarks of the AIA, is a major step towards harmonization of the U.S. patent system with those of the United States’ major trading partners, allowing greater consistency in the prosecution and enforcement of U.S. patents. The AIA also includes safeguards to ensure that only an original inventor or his assignee may be awarded a patent under the first-inventor-to-file system. The first-inventor-to-file provision of the AIA goes into effect on March 16, 2013, and represents the final implementation of the changes mandated by the AIA.
Read more: http://www.uspto.gov/news/pr/2013/13-10.jsp
Good Manufacturing Practice Requirements for Combination Products
Earlier this week the FDA released its Final Rules regarding Good Manufacturing Practice Requirements for Combination Products. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA or Agency) is issuing this regulation on the current good manufacturing practice (CGMP) requirements applicable to combination products. This rule is intended to promote the public health by clarifying which CGMP requirements apply when drugs, devices, and biological products are combined to create combination products. In addition, the rule sets forth a transparent and streamlined regulatory framework for firms to use when demonstrating compliance with CGMP requirements for “single-entity” and “co-packaged” combination products.
Products Affected Include
Combination Product Definition
Combination products are defined in 21 CFR 3.2(e). The term combination product includes:
New Patent Fees are scheduled to become effective on March 19, 2013
The United States Patent and Trademark Office (Office or USPTO) sets or adjusts patent fees in this rulemaking as authorized by Section 10 of the Leahy-Smith America Invents Act (Act or AIA). Section 10 prescribes that fees may be set or adjusted only to recover the aggregate estimated costs to the Office for processing, activities, services, and materials relating to patents, including administrative costs to the Office with respect to such patent operations. Section 10 authority includes flexibility to set individual fees in a way that furthers key policy considerations, while taking into account the cost of the respective services. See Section 10 of the Act, Public Law 112-29, 125 Stat. at 316-17. Section 10 also establishes certain procedural requirements for setting or adjusting fee regulations, such as public hearings and input from the Patent Public Advisory Committee and oversight by Congress.
The fees will provide the Office with a sufficient amount of aggregate revenue to recover its aggregate cost of patent operations, while helping the Office implement a sustainable funding model, reduce the current patent application backlog, decrease patent application pendency, improve patent quality, and upgrade the Office's patent business information technology (IT) capability and infrastructure.
This final rule sets or adjusts 351 patent fee where 93 apply to large entities, 94 to small entities, 93 to micro entities, and 71 are not entity-specific. Also, despite increases in some fees, applicants who meet the new micro entity definition will pay less than the amount paid for small entity fees under the current fee schedule for 87 percent of the fees eligible for a discount under section 10(b).
Another stated objective of the fee setting is to encourage innovators to take advantage of patent protection, the Office sets basic ‘‘front-end’’ fees (e.g., filing, search, and examination) below the actual cost of carrying out these activities. The Office provides fee reductions for small and micro entity innovators to facilitate access to the patent system. Setting front-end and small and micro entity fees below cost requires, however, that other fees be set above cost. To that end, the Office sets basic ‘‘back-end’’ fees (e.g., issue and maintenance) in excess of costs to recoup revenue not collected by front-end and small and micro entity fees. Charging higher back-end fees also fosters innovation and benefits the overall patent system. After a patent is granted, a patent owner is better positioned, as opposed to at the time of filing a patent application, to more closely assess the expected value of an invention, which is a consideration in determining whether to pay maintenance fees to keep the patent protecting the invention in force. Expiration of a patent makes the subject matter of the patent available in the public domain for subsequent commercialization. Determining the appropriate balance between front-end and back-end fees is a critical component of aligning the Office’s costs and revenues.
Summary of New Fee Structure Includes:
See full comparison of Fee Changes Here: USPTO-Fees
Design patent fees are also changing:
Details from the Federal Register: Link
On January 14th, 2013 H.R. 6621, "An Act to correct and improve certain provisions of the Leahy-Smith America Invents Act and title 35, United States Code," was signed into law.
Some News and Reactions
Read the Bill:
The Russian Federation has a list of slated changes to its Medical Device Regulations for 2013. Final implementation of the rules changes is still pending. The Emergo Group discussed the changes with the Russian Ministry of Health and Roszdravnadzor officials and they listed the following potential changes for 2013:
More Information can be found at the Emergo Group Website
Corrections to the Leahy-Smith America Invents Act and title 35, United States Code
112th Congress, 2nd Session H.R. 6621
H.R. 6621 was introduced to make corrections to certain provisions of the Leahy-Smith "America Invents Act" (AIA) and it passed the U.S. House of Representatives by a vote of 308-89.
Medical Device Tax
The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) has issued the Medical Device Tax Final Regulations
The United States Internal Revenue Service (IRS) has released a finalized guidance report on the upcoming 2.3 percent medical device tax. The new tax will become active in January of 2013.
The IRS released a 58-page report on how it will enforce and regulate the upcoming tax. According to the report, the IRS will define a taxable medical device as any device listed with the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) under sec. 510(j) of its FFDCA and under 21 CFR pt. 807.
If a device is not listed with the FDA under the regulations listed above, it will not be taxed. However, a device may be taxed if the FDA determines that device should have been listed with the agency. In this situation, the manufacturer of the medical device will be required to pay the 2.3 percent tax starting on the date it was notified of the corrective action by the FDA.
Many medical device companies have publicly stated that they oppose the tax. They argue that the 2.3 percent medical device tax will discourage innovation. In addition, the new tax has been scrutinized due to the way it taxes a company’s income. Since the medical device tax is levied on revenue instead of profit, it may have a disproportionately negative impact on startups and other new medical device manufacturers.
FDA Innovation Pathway
In order to get patients faster access to safe and effective medical devices that address unmet public health needs, the FDA is developing what it calls the "Innovation Pathway." The Innovation Pathway will be a new way of doing business within the FDA's existing regulatory framework. The initiative is particularly focused on breakthrough technology.
The primary goal for the new Innovation Pathway is to shorten the overall time and cost it takes for the development, assessment and review of medical devices. The FDA also seeks to improve how FDA staff and innovators work together. Engaging with innovators much earlier, more collaboratively, and in new ways, should help to reduce the time and cost of the entire process.
On April 9, 2012, the FDA's Center for Devices and Radiological Health (CDRH) launched its second version of the Innovation Pathway, called "Innovation Pathway 2.0." According to the FDA, Innovation Pathway 2.0 offers new and modified tools and methods to deepen collaboration between the FDA and innovators early in the process, prior to pre-market submission, with the goal of making the regulatory process more efficient and timely.
The Pathway also serves as a living laboratory to test new tools and methods for breakthrough devices that we may also apply to other technologies to enhance all of our device pre-market programs.
First Inventor to File means Keep Quiet!
We have highlighted the patent process and new changes to it via the AIA (America Invents Act) and some of the effects it can have on small entities. Though the patent process is evolving and complex there is one important thing that can be done by any inventor, big or small, and that is to keep your ideas quiet.
Now, given that we have transitioned to a First-Inventor-to-File (FItF) system like the rest of the world, along with other changes we won't detail here, silence truly has become golden. The following article indicates that big things can come from simple things like an overheard conversation. It involves the case of Dr. Warren Selman, who overheard a conversation between two Israel Air Force officers one day.
Granted, the outcome in this case was positive for those involved. However, one need not think too hard to see that casual chatter about your idea can give others, who may not engage with you like Dr. Selman did in this case, the chance to develop the idea or at the very least a competitive idea by themselves simply by beating you to the patent office!
Google Says, "Apple needs to Share!"
Is Google going to hand over it's proprietary search algorithms due to it's more than ubiquitous use by billions of people around the globe? This is strange logic. How can a large company such as Google think it can simply state that another companies hard work and investment should be considered as free to those who wish to use it? This is a disturbing trend and one with no small level of foretelling from the America Invents Act. Is it possible that corporations such as Google have been emboldened by the large company leanings of the AIA? There is a clear favorite in the race to innovate in regards to the AIA and it is not the small inventor.
In a letter to the Senate Judiciary Committee, Google General Counsel Kent Walker wrote:
While collaborative [Standards Setting Organizations (SSOs)] play an important part in the overall standard setting system, and are particularly prominent in industries such as telecommunications, they are not the only source of standards. Indeed, many of the same interoperability benefits that the FTC and others have touted in the SSO context also occur when one firm publishes information about an otherwise proprietary standard and other firms then independently decide (whether by choice or of necessity) to make complementary investments to support that standard in their products. … Because proprietary or de facto standards can have just as important effects on consumer welfare, the Committee’s concern regarding the abuse of SEPs should encompass them as well.
As Sewell writes:
The capabilities of an iPhone are categorically different from a conventional phone, and result from Apple’s ability to bring its traditional innovation in computing to the mobile market. Using an iPhone to take photos, manage a home-finance spreadsheet, play video games, or run countless other applications has nothing to do with standardized protocols. Apple spent billions in research and development to create the iPhone, and third party software developers have spent billions more to develop applications that run on it. The price of an iPhone reflects the value of these nonstandardized technologies — as well as the value of the aesthetic design of the iPhone, which also reflects immense study and development by Apple, and which is entirely unrelated to standards.
NTP gets it right.
Patent licensing company NTP, best known for a big settlement with Research In Motion, has reached a deal with most of the rest of the wireless industry.
NTP said Monday it “has reached a mutual resolution with 13 companies,” including all four major U.S. cell phone carriers; device makers including Apple, HTC, Motorola, Samsung and LG; as well as Google, Microsoft and Yahoo. NTP sued the carriers in 2007 and and filed more suits in 2010.
Details on the pact are fuzzy, with a press release from NTP not even saying that the company is getting money, let alone how much. NTP got more than $600 million from RIM after a protracted legal battle.
NTP’s outside lawyer, Ron Epstein, told AllThingsD that his client was compensated but didn’t offer any details on the amount the company received.
“NTP was happy with the outcome,” said Epstein, who heads Redwood City, Calif.-based Epicenter IP Group. The deal, NTP said, provides broad coverage for all parties to NTP’s patents, including eight related to wireless delivery of email. NTP’s suits, which had been on hold, have now been dismissed.
With the pact — and past deals with Nokia and RIM — NTP has now reached licensing agreements with most of the wireless industry, though there are still a few firms Epstein says the company is approaching about licenses.
What’s unique about the deal, Epstein said, was the fact that NTP managed to get all of the parties to come together and work out a single settlement. That, he said, was a first in his 20 years of practicing patent law.
“We believe this is potentially a new model for how these significant patent portfolios might be licensed,” Epstein said.
FDA Unique Device Identification
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) released a proposed the "unique device identifier" rule requiring that most medical devices distributed in the United States carry a unique device identifier, or UDI. A UDI system is designed to improve the quality of information in medical device adverse event reports. This is intended to help the FDA identify product problems more quickly and allow better targeted recalls that will improve patient safety.
United States Senate voted 92-4 passing User Fee Bill
Tuesday June 26th, 2012 the United States Senate has voted 92-4 passing the FDA User Fee Bill and sending it on for Presidential signature.
News and Reactions:
Kaiser Health News: Senate Sends FDA User Fee Bill To Obama; House GOP Putting Pressure On AARP
Mass Device: AdvaMed: MDUFMA III "isn't your father's user fee agreement"
QMED: Boston Scientific Praises Passage of User Fee Bill
MDDI Online: Senate Overwhelmingly Passes Unprecedented Medical Device User Fee Act
Guide to History of America Invents Act
Joe Matal, Judiciary Committee Counsel to Senator Jon Kyl, recently published a comprehensive guide to the legislative history of the AIA in the Federal Circuit Bar Journal. Part I addresses the portions of the AIA that relate to applications before a patent issues, while Part II deals with the portions that apply after a patent is granted.
Part I of II
U.S. Senate, 2012; 21 Fed. Cir. B.J. 435 (2012)
The article examines the origins and the legislative commentary on the provisions of the Leahy-Smith America Invents Act, a comprehensive patent-reform law that was enacted on September 16, 2011. The AIA adopts the first-to-file system of patent priority, modifies the defintion of prior art, and creates several new post-issuance administrative proceedings and amends existing proceedings. Part I of the article focuses on the AIA's changes to sections 102 and 103 of title 35 and related issues. The article is organized by the sections of title 35 that are significantly amended by the AIA, and then by the uncodified sections of the AIA.
Part II of II
U.S. Senate, 2012; 21 Fed. Cir. B.J. 539 (2012)
This article is the second in a two-part series examining the origins and the legislative commentary on the provisions of the Leahy-Smith America Invents Act. This second article addresses the AIA's enactment of a prior-user right, its repeal of the false-marking qui tam action and the best-mode defense and the 1952 Act's deceptive-intent restrictions, its authorization of supplemental examination and post-grant review of patents and special review of business-method patents, its revisions to inter partes proceedings, its limits on joinder of defendants and on use of evidence relating to advice of counsel, its authorization of virtual marking of patents, and its modification of the deadline for seeknig a patent-term extension. The article is organized by the sections of title 35 that are significantly amended by the AIA, and then by the uncodified sections of the AIA.
Small Companies Facing FDA Issues
A recent report in the June issue of Journal of Medical Devices (Article) highlights the issues facing small companies that deal with the FDA to get medical devices approved. The study found that predictability of the regulatory process in the United States is a key priority given that two-thirds of the medical device companies surveyed listed this issue as "critically important."
Plastics in Medical Devices 2012 Conference
Come visit us at the Plastics in Medical Devices 2012 Conference. June 11th through the 13th in Cleveland. Kevin Harper, President of Knowvention, will be presenting and participating on a discussion Panel regarding the Front End of Innovation. For anyone interested there is more information provided in the following link:
FDA Internal Pilot Program for 510k Review
The FDA is running a pilot program, April 2nd to October 2nd 2012, for review of 510(k) applications. It is an internal program designed with the following objectives:
For more: PROPOSED PILOT TRIAGE PROGRAM
USPTO Proposed Fee Modifications
The USPTO, on February 7th 2012, released its proposed fee modifications under the changes through the America Invents Act, AIA. Details of the proposal that was submitted to the Patent Public Advisory Committee can be found here:
Review of Design Patent Law Changes
A recent note on the PATENTLYO website mentioned the proposed house bill H.R. 3889 (formerly H.R. 3059): (PARTS) Promoting Automotive Repair, Trade, and Sales Act, that would affect design patents term of enforcement. The proposed change would reduce the time period from 14 years to 30 months. The group Keep Auto Parts Affordable supports the bill and provides some rationale here: The Looming Threat
Testimony from the Property Casualty Insurers Association can be found here: Testimony of the Property Casualty Insurers Association of America House Judiciary Committee Hearing “Design Patents and Auto Replacement Parts”
We provide the following review on the testimony with selected text from the testimony and added bulleted comments below them. We feel this topic warrants further discussion as it has potential ramifications beyond the intended purpose. It sets a potentially dangerous president where intellectual property rights are not equally applied for the same idea or invention.
Senate Approves America Invents Act
The U.S. Senate voted to approve H.R. 1249 "The America Invents Act" by a vote of 89-9. The bill will now head to President Obama's desk. He has indicated that he will sign it into law.
The following amendments were voted on by the Senate prior to voting on H.R. 1249 and all were struck down.
Patent Fees to Increase under HR 1249
Most of the provisions of the Leahy-Smith Act will take some time to become effective. The change to a first-to-file regime from first-to-invent will only apply to patent applications with an "effective filing date" that is 18-months from enactment or thereafter. Other provisions will take effect almost immediately. A summary of the bill and all it's sections can be found here: section_summary_26jul2011.pdf
The following provisions, as stated in the act will take effect almost immediately:
U.S. Senate voting on America Invents Act
The U.S. Senate is currently considering amendments to H.R. 1249, the "America Invents Act of 2011." The vote is scheduled to come up today at 4:00 pm
Final Amendments Proposed:
i) Sen. Coburn has proposed an amendment to absolutely prohibit fee diversion — allowing the USPTO to spend the fees it collects.
ii) H.R. 1249 includes a provision that would retroactively lengthen the deadline for applying for a patent term extension. Sen. Sessions has proposed an amendment stripping that provision from the bill. This particular provision of the reform has no other purpose than to reinstate the The Medicine Company’s (MDCO’s) patent covering its Angiomax drug. The law firm WilmerHale is on the hook for substantial malpractice damages due to the filing debacle. These two firms have spent around $20 million lobbying Congress on this issue.
iii) Sen. Cantwell has proposed separate amendments — The first would eliminate the the business method patent ‘transitional program.’ Failing that, a separate amendment would limit the scope of the program only to “patents claiming abstract business methods” and not to patents covering “technological” or “nonfinancial” inventions.
iv) Sen. Paul has proposed an amendment to include the statement that “It is the sense of Congress that Secretary of the Treasury Timothy Geithner no longer holds the confidence of Congress or of the people of the United States.”
v) Sen. Johnson proposed an amendment to limit all regulatory action by any federal agency until the US unemployment rate drops to 7.7%.
Venture Capitol Funding impact of America Invents Act
The "America Invents Act" is poised to pass the senate. A review of the effects of one change to the patent system, the new Post Grant Review process can be found here. It has the potential for profound impact on Venture Capitol funding.
H.R. 1249 America Invents Act
The U.S. Senate will resume consideration of the motion to proceed to H.R.1249, the America Invents Act. Coverage is on CSPAN-2 scheduled for 10:00 am (Eastern) today when the Senate convenes.
On 9/6/2011 Senate floor actions. Status: Cloture on the motion to proceed to the measure invoked in Senate by Yea-Nay Vote. 93 - 5. Cloture is the procedure by which the Senate can vote to place a time limit on consideration of a bill or other matter, and thereby overcome a filibuster. Under the cloture rule (Rule XXII), the Senate may limit consideration of a pending matter to 30 additional hours, but only by vote of three-fifths of the full Senate, normally 60 votes.
America Invents Act
The "America Invents Act" or the Patent Reform Bill of 2011 is scheduled for a vote on Tuesday September 6th. The Senate has agreed to use the House bill H.R. 1249 in leu of it's own bill (S.23). A good summary and comments can be found at the PatentlyO.com blog site:
Tyvek Manufacturing Process Changing
ARLINGTON, Va., Aug. 24 -- The Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation issued the following news release:
In a move with potential implications for makers of medical devices, DuPont is changing the manufacturing process for Tyvek, a high-density, polyethylene material widely used in the packaging of such devices.
DuPont says it's working with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to ensure the transition does not complicate the clearance process for medical devices.
In a document explaining the transition, the company says its analysis of the new manufacturing process shows that the Tyvek made the new way "does not represent a significant change in functional performance."
If the FDA agrees, "it would issue guidance indicating that medical devices manufacturers would not be required to file amended 510(k)s or premarket approvals (PMAs) for existing devices because the transition represents a merge, or lot, change," according to DuPont.
Over the course of the transition, the FDA will review data generated by third parties which will show whether the new Tyvek is "functionally equivalent."
DuPont is transitioning the Tyvek 1073B and the 1059B styles to new manufacturing lines that use a flash-spinning technology, which the company says allows for greater capacity.
The Tyvek Asuron and Tyvek 2FS styles won't be affected by this as they are already manufactured using this technology.
DuPont says it also shared the transition plan with global regulatory authorities and expects "they will take the same position as the FDA."
The company says it expects the new Tyvek to be available by late 2012 for new devices and in 2014 for existing devices.
For additional information on the transition from DuPont, click here.
OpenCFD Ltd. has announced it will be acquired by SGI corporation. Select the Read more link to see their announcement and for links to information about OpenFOAM and GNU.
Google-Motorola, let the Patent Arms Race Begin!
In a recent article entitled Google-Motorola Deal Highlights Patent Arms Race By Peter Svensson, AP Technology Writer on Manufacturing.Net - August 18, 2011, we find another discussion on how companies such as Google don't think that patents are valid property in and of themselves. The core belief is that companies, and by the same logic, individual inventors or small entities, that don't build the products using the technology for which they own patents should basically have no rights in using that patent property to protect their inventions.
Google makes bid for Motorola Mobility and it's Patents
Yesterday, 8-15-2011. Google announced that it had agreed to buy Motorola Mobility to, as CEO Larry Page puts it, Supercharge Android. Along with the mobile phones and other technology another key component of the deal is the acquisition of the Motorola Patent portfolio.
Draft Guidance from FDA on Benefit-Risk
For the first time, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration has provided draft guidance clarifying how benefit-risk determinations are made during pre-market review of certain medical devices.
FDA Seeking Public Comments on 510k Program
In a Press Release the FDA announced that it will open a public docket to begin receiving public comments on the Institute of Medicine's - IOM - report on the 510k program, the most common pathway to market for lower-risk medical devices.
Google seems to find competing in the space of ideas difficult
The new patent reform changes currently under consideration need to be clearly understood by small and medium sized entities. Even companies the size of Google with all its resources find competing in the space of ideas difficult. The reason we have patents is to protect the rights of the inventor, big or small. Google has indicated these rights have value through the recent acquisition of more than 1000 patents from IBM. They lost out on Nortel's patent portfolio at auction to a consortium of companies including; Apple, Microsoft, Research in Motion, Ericsson, Sony, and EMC. Why did Google want the Nortel and/or IBM patents? Back in April, 2011, Google indicated in its online blog posted by Kent Walker, Senior Vice President & General Counsel, (Patents & Innovation) that having patents is a good idea, one can protect one's ideas and property and ward off lawsuits.
Institute of Medicine releases study of the FDA 510k process
The Institute of Medicine - IOM - released its study of the FDA CDRH 510k process for Medical Device approval. The committee recommends that the FDA should invest in developing a new regulatory framework to replace the, quote, flawed 510k medical device clearance process. They cite that the FDA's limited legal power and resources cause the 510k process to be and unreliable screen for safety and effectiveness of moderate-risk Class II devices.
Draft FDA Guidance for 510k device changes
FDA's Center for Devices and Radiological Health announced the release of the draft of the FDA's guidance for 510k device changes. Jeffrey Shuren, M.D., director of FDA's CDRH, stated that "We are making the regulatory process for medical devices less challenging by better describing our expectations." "In particular, manufacturers can continue to make innovative improvements to their devices and better plan for any updated submissions. This saves time and money."
FDA Seeks to "Strengthen" CDRH
The FDA Center for Devices and Radiological Health - CDRH - continues it's efforts to, as it states, strengthen CDRH and increase our ability to protect and promote the public health through the implementation of changes and improvements. CDRH 2011 Strategic Priorities PDF
The U.S. Congress passes their version of the "America Invents Act"
The U.S. Congress on June 23rd, 2011 passed their version of the "America Invents Act" or H.R. 1249 by a vote of 304-117. The Senate passed their version, S. 23, in a 95-5 vote back in March. The two versions of the bill have to be reconciled before a final bill can be sent to the White House for President Barack Obama’s signature. Read more about the latest bill here: Patent Agency Would Gain Control of Funding Under House Measure
America Invents Act H.R. 1249 and S.23
While the current status of the "America Invents Act" (H.R. 1249 & S.23) has a postponement of the Rules Hearing amendments are being filed following the amendment rules for H.R. 1249. A list of the current amendments to H.R. 1249 including a summary of each can be found here.
Manager's amendment now included in H.R. 1249
In continuing coverage of the House Patent Reform Act, H.R. 1249, the Judiciary Committee of the House of Representatives approved the a bill in a 32-3 vote.
America needs to Invent!
Thomas Jefferson once wrote to his daughter Martha, in 1787, that because America did not posess Europe’s vast resources, we are obliged to invent and execute, to find means within ourselves, and not to lean on others.
Patent Reform Bill H.R. 1249
On Wednesday, March 30th, 2011 the United States House of Representatives introdueced their version of the "American Invents Act" aka Patent Reform Act of 2011 (click here for copy of HR1249).
More to come on the reactions and differences between the Senate Bill (S.23) and H.R. 1249.
In-ven-tor n. a person who invents
As we continue our review of Senate Bill 23 - Patent Reform Act of 2011 - a key definition to keep in mind is that of Inventor. Webster's New Universal Unabridged Dictionary, the 4.5 inch thick paper version no less, offers the following definition: In-ven-tor n. a person who invents, esp. one who devises some new process, appliance, machine, or article; one who makes inventions.
Inventors need to file early under Patent Reform Act
On March 8th, 2011 the U.S. Senate passed the Patent Reform Act of 2011 (S.23) by a vote of 95 - 5. Now it is on to the House where a similar bill is being crafted. This is an important bill for small businesses, individual inventors, and Venture Capitalists that invest in intellectual property, to keep tabs on and review. (Get the full bill document here)
Senate votes on Patent Reform Act
A cloture vote on S23, the Patent Reform Act of 2011, is scheduled for Monday, April 7th, some time after 5:30 pm, which could end debate on this bill.
This bill seeks to amend title 35, United States Code, to provide for patent reform. We wanted to bring the bill to attention. One key issue in the bill is the conversion from a First-to-Invent process to a First-to-File. This alone has ramifications that will affect small businesses and individual inventors. In the coming days we will follow this and post more feedback.
More information on this critical bill can be found here: US Senate Bill S23
BioOhio Suppliers and Service Providers Online Expo.
Knowvention is proud to be a Sponsor for the BioOhio Suppliers and Service Providers Online Expo. Ohio is home to more than 1,250 bioscience-related organizations, from start-ups and emerging stars to fabled research institutions and Fortune 500 mainstays. BioOhio helps you connect with our state's expanding bioscience community. You can sign up for the event that runs now through April. Just follow this link: http://www.jujama.com/bioohiosignup.aspx
To learn more about BioOhio go to: http://www.bioohio.com
Welcome to TechKnow!
This is Knowvention's news section developed to share information on a wide variety of topics of interest. Topics include: Innovation, invention, business, marketing, product development, engineering, technology, computers, software, ideas, patents, and more!